If you are making an IPR Research in Finland and you want to add your information to this page, please fill the form HERE or send the information to the email address below.
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RESEARCHERS IN FINLAND
Dhanay Cadillo Chandler
University of Turku
With my research “Creating Incentives and Regulation for New Health Technologies” (herein after InHealth) the aim is to assess the feasibility in creating a side system of incentives -in addition to the current patent system- with the goal of prompting R&D in the field of neglected and tropical diseases (new health technologies within the context of this research). To achieve this, it is necessary to compare other proposed incentive mechanisms, for instance push and pull models, public-private partnerships, and the highly successful EU Orphan drug scheme, to draw on their benefits and challenges. This research develops a side system of incentives based on comparative research and legal dogmatic methodology. To complement the chosen methodologies, it is foreseeable to employ international economic theories and pharma economic merely as principles, and law and economics approach.
Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics
Economics of patents, economics of innovation, IP statistics
Senior researcher, doctoral candidate
University of Lapland, University of Turku
My doctoral research “Fashion and copyright: protection as a tool to foster sustainable development” (University of Lapland, defence forthcoming in 2021) is a project that delves into IP protection of fashion designs and how protection and regulation can help to shape the garment industry towards environmentally, socially and culturally more sustainable business practices. Intimacy in data-driven culture (IDA) research project (University of Turku) explores how the concept of privacy is affected by digitalisation. Within IDA, I research e.g. wearable technology in work places, new authorship conventions in the design industry and the elements of public domain.
Intimacy in data-driven culture (IDA), University of Turku, funded by the Academy of Finland Law,
Technology and Design Thinking Research Group, University of Lapland
Professor, University of Turku
Co-Director of IPR University Center
Intellectual property and constitutionalism, IP and competition law, copyright law, patent law, parallel imports and exhaustion of trademarks, employee inventions.
University of Helsinki
LL.D Taina Pihlajarinne is a professor of copyright law (Docent of Commercial Law), researching and teaching intellectual property rights. Currently she serves as a vice dean responsible for research at the Faculty of Law. Her research interests are focused on the relationship between sustainability and IPRs and the impacts of digitalization and technological advances on intellectual property rights. Pihlajarinne has been a leader of several research projects, and the received competitive funding with Pihlajarinne as PI altogether exceeds 1,8 million euros since 2012. Her ongoing research projects include a project “Shaping, fixing and making markets via IPR: regulating sustainable innovation ecosystems” (Funded by the Academy of Finland) and a project “Legal aspects of utilisation of AI in news production” (Funded by Helsingin Sanomat foundation).
Pihlajarinne is, inter alia, a member of the research group “Companies, Markets and Sustainability” at the University of Oslo Faculty of Law and a member of the Helsinki Institute of Sustainability Science (HELSUS).
University of Lapland
“Data protection and intellectual property”
The research focuses on intersections between data protection and intellectual property law. The importance of the focus areas of this research is the interconnectivity between both fields and the potential implications for manufacturers, end users and even members of the general public who might not actively participate in the development and use of said AI systems. This interconnectivity stems from the fact that an IP law regulatory effort of AI might result in the creation of compliance gaps in respect of data protection law. An example of this can be gleaned from the protection of databases where an author’s IP right in the investment or creativity that has been put into the development of a database might extend in a limited capacity to the (non)-personal data contained in such database.
For instance, Art. 7(2)(a) of the Database Directive (DB Directive) non-substantial extraction and re-utilization of data from a protected database is permissible without the consent of the database owner. The possible protection of data by copyright and trade secrets could also have a similar implication. To be eligible for copyright protection, data will have to meet the originality and authorship eligibility requirements while data would have to be a secret and also be commercially valuable to meet the eligibility requirement for trade secret protection. Other propositions have also been made to protect the right of the data producer. Such non-personal data which are protected by IPR do not fall within the scope of data protection law. It suffices to say that any data that leads or could lead to the identification of data subjects (including pseudonymized data) will fall within the scope of data protection law. This research argues that technological advancements support the re-identification of natural persons from non-personal data thereby potentially subjecting non-personal data protected by IP rights to data protection law. The data protection challenges that could arise from this possibility are highlighted with a focus on robots and autonomous vehicles and the use of AI in medicine/
Doctoral Candidate, Master of Laws, LLM IP
University of Helsinki
Trade Secrets in European Patent Litigation
Dr. iur. LL.M.
University of Helsinki
Patent law, Open Innovation, Competition Law, Data governance, Law and Technology, Compulsory licensing, Law and Economics.
2020 – 2023 Long-term Human Rights Risks of Smart City Technologies, University of Helsinki, the Legal Tech Lab, funded by the Kone Foundation, Finland.
Wernick, A 2021, ‘Mechanisms to Enable Follow-On Innovation: Liability Rules vs. Open Innovation Models’, Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-72257-9
The patent system is based on “one-patent-per-product” presumption and therefore fails to sustain complex follow-on innovations that contain a number of patents. The book explains that follow-on innovations may be subject to market failures such as hold-ups and excessive royalties. For decades, scholars have debated whether the market problems can be solved with voluntary licensing i.e., open innovation, or with compulsory liability rules. The book concludes that neither approach is sufficient. On the one hand, incentives to engage in open innovation practices involving patents are insufficient. On the other hand, the existing compulsory liability rules in patent and competition law are not tailored to address follow-on innovator’s interests. To transcend this problem, the author proposes a compulsory liability rule against the suppression of follow-on innovation, that paradoxically, fosters early-on voluntary licensing between patent holders and follow-on innovators.